Improving Burnover Protection for Australian Bushfire Appliances -
The following is reprinted here with the permission of the author
and is a reproduction of the "Bushfire 99" paper.
Bruce Paix has
invited any interested readers to contact him with details of other
cases they are aware of for inclusion in the database.
Death by fire continues to be an important occupational
hazard for bushfire-fighters. This paper analyses 37 serious
fire appliance burnover incidents from Australia, the United
States and Europe since 1980.
The circumstances leading up to entrapment and the
performance of protective devices, including Crew Havens,
Radiant Heat Curtains and Spray Systems is discussed. Most
entrapments resulted from sudden changes in fire intensity
and direction, usually following a wind change. Sheltering
within the appliance appears to be the best option for
mounted crews, although the windows and door trims remain
vulnerable to the effects of radiant heat.
Improving Burnover Protection for
Australian Bushfire Appliances
Burnover incidents in Australia
Burnover incidents outside
Australia since 1980
CFS. (1999). South Australian Country Fire
Service. 20 Richmond Rd, Keswick, 5035.
CFA. (1999). Country Fire Authority of Victoria.
8 Lakeside Dr, Burwood East, Victoria.
RFS. (1999). New South Wales Rural Fire Service.
Unit 3, 175-9 James Ruse Dr, Rosehill, 2142.
Cheney NP. (1972). Forestry and timber bureau
studies human behaviour in bushfires don’t panic and live.
Nat/Dev Sept (CSIRO Division of Forestry.)
Mangan R. (1997). Surviving Fire Entrapments.
Report no 7E62P87, US Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
(Missoula Technology and Development Centre, Montana.)
McArthur AG, Douglas DR and Mitchell LR. (1966).
The Wandillo Fire, 5 April 1958. Forest Research Institute.
Forestry and Timber Bureau. (Commonwealth of Australia,
Carter E and Milton B. (1994). Internal
combustion engine performance on the fireground. Int J Wildland
Fire 4 (2):83-91
Knight I. (1988) What intensity of fire can a
firefighter survive in a reflective shelter. Fire Technology
Bond A and Cheney NP. (1986) A discussion paper
on techniques and equipment for bush firefighters entrapped by
fire. (CSIRO National Bushfire Research Unit), Dec.
Cheney NP. The safety of Bushfire
Thankyou to the many people who helped with this paper, especially the
burnover survivors who consented to talk about their experiences, and
to Arthur Tindall, Helen Pereira, Martyn Kiellor, Jason Greenlee and
Reprinted here with permission of :
Bruce Paix MB,BS
(Adel) B.Med.Sc (hons)
South Australian Country Fire Service
Last updated 4 November 2014